McCoubrey and White said that the question “what is law?” has no simple answer. Glanville Williams said that the meaning of the word “law” depends on the context in which that word is used. He said that, for example, “early customary law” and “municipal law” were contexts where the word “law” had two different and irreconcilable meanings.
- Unjust enrichment law, rather than contract law, is then used to restore title to the rightful owner.
- Unlike criminal matters and the policing of trades and markets, religious courts had no executive powers in matters of family law.
- In civil law jurisdictions, a legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates the law.
- In order to maintain professionalism, the practice of law is typically overseen by either a government or independent regulating body such as a bar association, bar council or law society.
Other notable early legal sociologists included Hugo Sinzheimer, Theodor Geiger, …